Sun, 13 Mar 2005
From:

TV violence increases children's aggression: Study Violent television and computer game images contribute to increased aggression in young children, according to a new assessment of six North American studies.

Kevin Browne and Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis from the University of Birmingham found consistent evidence that young children who watched television and films and played video games showed more aggressive play and behavior.

The researchers said the effect was "small but significant", but also that it was likely to be short-term, according to an article in The Lancet, a British medical journal.

Teenagers were less affected, and environmental factors, such as family, could have a mitigating effect.

"Parents and caregivers might be recommended to exercise the same care with adult media entertainment as they do medication or chemicals around the home," Browne said.

He said exposing children to "extreme violent and sexual imagery might even be regarded as a form of emotional maltreatment", and urged an educational rather than a censorial approach. -- DPA





News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
16 Aug 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,904.98
3,904.98
AFN1
196.77
196.77
ALL1
129.39
129.39
AMD1
29.73
29.73
ANG1
7,772.77
7,772.77
AOA1
53.35
53.35
ARS1
482.14
482.14
AUD1
10,375.77
10,375.77
AWG1
7,995.37
7,995.37
AZN1
8,425.09
8,425.09
BAM1
8,299.56
8,299.56
BBD1
7,171.86
7,171.86
BDT1
169.71
169.71
BGN1
8,319.73
8,319.73
BHD1
38,038.03
38,038.03
BIF1
8.10
8.10
BMD1
14,343.72
14,343.72
BND1
9,493.49
9,493.49
BOB1
2,075.83
2,075.83
BRL1
3,675.14
3,675.14
BSD1
14,343.72
14,343.72
BTC1
90,527,612
90,527,612
BTN1
205.12
205.12
BWP1
1,324.36
1,324.36
BYN1
6,969.22
6,969.22
BZD1
7,134.69
7,134.69
CAD1
10,909.89
10,909.89
CDF1
8.81
8.81
CHF1
14,437.67
14,437.67
CLF1
613,504.02
613,504.02
CLP1
21.48
21.48
CNH1
2,065.99
2,065.99
CNY1
2,068.08
2,068.08
COP1
4.76
4.76
CRC1
25.27
25.27
CUC1
14,343.72
14,343.72
CUP1
562.49
562.49
CVE1
147.19
147.19
CZK1
631.41
631.41
DJF1
80.56
80.56
DKK1
2,182.21
2,182.21
DOP1
287.50
287.50
DZD1
120.29
120.29
EGP1
801.50
801.50
ERN1
956.45
956.45
ETB1
519.14
519.14
EUR1
16,267.66
16,267.66
FJD1
6,765.74
6,765.74
FKP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
GBP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
GEL1
5,780.22
5,780.22
GGP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
GHS1
2,943.81
2,943.81
GIP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
GMD1
297.89
297.89
GNF1
1.58
1.58
GTQ1
1,913.77
1,913.77
GYD1
68.67
68.67
HKD1
1,827.29
1,827.29
HNL1
596.66
596.66
HRK1
2,190.41
2,190.41
HTG1
212.81
212.81
HUF1
50.12
50.12
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,892.81
3,892.81
IMP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
INR1
204.10
204.10
IQD1
12.03
12.03
IRR1
0.33
0.33
ISK1
131.24
131.24
JEP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
JMD1
105.56
105.56
JOD1
20,216.57
20,216.57
JPY1
129.72
129.72
KES1
142.30
142.30
KGS1
210.51
210.51
KHR1
3.52
3.52
KMF1
33.06
33.06
KPW1
15.93
15.93
KRW1
12.61
12.61
KWD1
47,280.81
47,280.81
KYD1
17,207.68
17,207.68
KZT1
39.64
39.64
LAK1
1.68
1.68
LBP1
9.49
9.49
LKR1
89.54
89.54
LRD1
93.32
93.32
LSL1
1,006.22
1,006.22
LYD1
10,276.86
10,276.86
MAD1
1,497.80
1,497.80
MDL1
864.13
864.13
MGA1
4.31
4.31
MKD1
264.18
264.18
MMK1
9.47
9.47
MNT1
5.87
5.87
MOP1
1,773.66
1,773.66
MRO1
40.12
40.12
MRU1
398.99
398.99
MUR1
412.17
412.17
MVR1
927.19
927.19
MWK1
19.72
19.72
MXN1
747.55
747.55
MYR1
3,495.48
3,495.48
MZN1
245.52
245.52
NAD1
1,005.51
1,005.51
NGN1
39.74
39.74
NIO1
447.89
447.89
NOK1
1,695.20
1,695.20
NPR1
128.20
128.20
NZD1
9,405.39
9,405.39
OMR1
37,254.49
37,254.49
PAB1
14,343.72
14,343.72
PEN1
4,323.00
4,323.00
PGK1
4,328.25
4,328.25
PHP1
267.88
267.88
PKR1
116.12
116.12
PLN1
3,764.23
3,764.23
PYG1
2.49
2.49
QAR1
3,939.43
3,939.43
RON1
3,487.43
3,487.43
RSD1
137.90
137.90
RUB1
213.05
213.05
RWF1
16.33
16.33
SAR1
3,823.97
3,823.97
SBD1
1,818.16
1,818.16
SCR1
1,055.33
1,055.33
SDG1
796.69
796.69
SEK1
1,557.02
1,557.02
SGD1
10,392.95
10,392.95
SHP1
18,206.39
18,206.39
SLL1
2.19
2.19
SOS1
24.79
24.79
SRD1
1,923.26
1,923.26
SSP1
110.11
110.11
STD1
0.68
0.68
STN1
660.54
660.54
SVC1
1,638.95
1,638.95
SYP1
27.85
27.85
SZL1
984.80
984.80
THB1
430.35
430.35
TJS1
1,522.29
1,522.29
TMT1
4,098.23
4,098.23
TND1
5,154.61
5,154.61
TOP1
6,207.95
6,207.95
TRY1
2,398.64
2,398.64
TTD1
2,127.88
2,127.88
TWD1
465.08
465.08
TZS1
6.28
6.28
UAH1
522.33
522.33
UGX1
3.83
3.83
USD1
14,343.72
14,343.72
UYU1
457.87
457.87
UZS1
1.84
1.84
VEF1
0.10
0.10
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
132.20
132.20
WST1
5,541.25
5,541.25
XAF1
24.79
24.79
XAG1
211,784.47
211,784.47
XAU1
17,028,223.52
17,028,223.52
XCD1
5,307.47
5,307.47
XDR1
19,983.25
19,983.25
XOF1
24.79
24.79
XPD1
14,201,707.01
14,201,707.01
XPF1
136.32
136.32
XPT1
11,291,959.19
11,291,959.19
YER1
57.28
57.28
ZAR1
984.89
984.89
ZMW1
1,405.97
1,405.97
ZWL1
44.49
44.49
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services