Sun, 06 Mar 2005
From:

Proof re da Vinci painting

Sophie Arie, Guardian News Service, Rome

Art historians had always detected the style of Leonardo da Vinci in the mysterious painting Adoration of the Christ Child, which is regarded as a gem of the Renaissance.

But there was never any proof. Now, a fingerprint discovered in the original paint may finally solve the puzzle.

Experts at Rome's Galleria Borghese, where the painting, widely known as the Tondo (Round), is housed, discovered the print after removing layers of varnish from the 500-year-old circular painting during restoration work last year.

"It didn't exactly jump out at first. I wouldn't have found it if I hadn't been using my microscope," said a restorer, Elizabetta Zatti. "But when I had cleaned down to the original paint, I noticed a slightly yellow patch in the top left part of the sky, right near the edge."

Given that Leonardo is known to have deliberately left fingerprints hidden in some of his works as a kind of signature, the discovery has raised hopes that this one-metre wide painting of Joseph and the Virgin Mary gazing down at the infant Jesus, may also be his. "Its clearly a fingerprint left while the paint was still wet," said Zatti. "But we still don't really know whose finger it belongs to."

To identify the fingerprint, the Galleria Borghese will send enlarged photos to Poland in March for comparison with a print Leonardo left on his Lady with an Ermine, which is kept at the Czartoryskich Museum in Krakow.

Zatti's year-long restoration involved removing layers of varnish that had dulled the colors and concealed some of the details of the original painting.

The clean-up revealed much of Leonardo's style, particularly the use of chiaroscuro, and the "sfumato" technique which softens outlines of figures. Other hidden details of the painting were uncovered in the restoration, including typically Leonardesque symbolism such as wild primrose, which represents resurrection, and the blue veronica flower, symbol of the eyes of the Virgin Mary.

Art historians will be wary of jumping to conclusions until extensive research has been carried out on the fingerprint.

Alessandro Vezzosi, the director of a museum dedicated to Leonardo near Florence, said: "If that is his fingerprint, it means at least that he has worked on that painting."

Since the work first appeared in the records of the collection of the Borghese family in the 1790s, it has been attributed to various Renaissance artists including Raphael, Ghirlandaio and Lorenzo di Credi. In 1926 a renowned art critic, Roberto Longhi, attributed it to the Florentine artist Fra Bartolomeo.





News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
17 Oct 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
4,141.07
4,141.07
AFN1
200.00
200.00
ALL1
140.59
140.59
AMD1
31.42
31.42
ANG1
8,569.33
8,569.33
AOA1
50.52
50.52
ARS1
423.53
423.53
AUD1
10,858.36
10,858.36
AWG1
8,448.12
8,448.12
AZN1
8,934.44
8,934.44
BAM1
9,004.48
9,004.48
BBD1
7,605.45
7,605.45
BDT1
179.57
179.57
BGN1
9,003.57
9,003.57
BHD1
40,350.42
40,350.42
BIF1
8.49
8.49
BMD1
15,210.90
15,210.90
BND1
10,785.86
10,785.86
BOB1
2,200.85
2,200.85
BRL1
4,083.13
4,083.13
BSD1
15,210.90
15,210.90
BTC1
97,397,904
97,397,904
BTN1
206.69
206.69
BWP1
1,429.32
1,429.32
BYN1
7,214.06
7,214.06
BZD1
7,568.80
7,568.80
CAD1
11,758.18
11,758.18
CDF1
9.31
9.31
CHF1
15,357.25
15,357.25
CLF1
607,270.04
607,270.04
CLP1
22.74
22.74
CNH1
2,200.65
2,200.65
CNY1
2,200.64
2,200.64
COP1
4.91
4.91
CRC1
25.61
25.61
CUC1
15,210.90
15,210.90
CUP1
590.71
590.71
CVE1
159.44
159.44
CZK1
681.55
681.55
DJF1
85.45
85.45
DKK1
2,360.18
2,360.18
DOP1
304.54
304.54
DZD1
128.68
128.68
EGP1
849.34
849.34
ERN1
1,014.18
1,014.18
ETB1
545.75
545.75
EUR1
17,609.16
17,609.16
FJD1
7,139.77
7,139.77
FKP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
GBP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
GEL1
6,188.94
6,188.94
GGP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
GHS1
3,137.58
3,137.58
GIP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
GMD1
307.55
307.55
GNF1
1.67
1.67
GTQ1
1,968.42
1,968.42
GYD1
72.76
72.76
HKD1
1,940.85
1,940.85
HNL1
631.87
631.87
HRK1
2,374.42
2,374.42
HTG1
213.80
213.80
HUF1
54.70
54.70
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
4,177.22
4,177.22
IMP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
INR1
207.04
207.04
IQD1
12.76
12.76
IRR1
0.35
0.35
ISK1
128.88
128.88
JEP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
JMD1
113.78
113.78
JOD1
21,438.80
21,438.80
JPY1
135.39
135.39
KES1
150.69
150.69
KGS1
221.92
221.92
KHR1
3.72
3.72
KMF1
35.79
35.79
KPW1
16.90
16.90
KRW1
13.54
13.54
KWD1
50,187.90
50,187.90
KYD1
18,253.04
18,253.04
KZT1
41.42
41.42
LAK1
1.78
1.78
LBP1
10.07
10.07
LKR1
89.02
89.02
LRD1
96.88
96.88
LSL1
1,054.49
1,054.49
LYD1
10,999.87
10,999.87
MAD1
1,611.46
1,611.46
MDL1
892.72
892.72
MGA1
4.29
4.29
MKD1
286.31
286.31
MMK1
9.50
9.50
MNT1
6.11
6.11
MOP1
1,884.09
1,884.09
MRO1
42.60
42.60
MRU1
423.70
423.70
MUR1
442.82
442.82
MVR1
984.52
984.52
MWK1
20.91
20.91
MXN1
811.05
811.05
MYR1
3,662.25
3,662.25
MZN1
251.38
251.38
NAD1
1,054.02
1,054.02
NGN1
41.81
41.81
NIO1
473.40
473.40
NOK1
1,867.72
1,867.72
NPR1
129.18
129.18
NZD1
10,014.09
10,014.09
OMR1
39,511.39
39,511.39
PAB1
15,210.90
15,210.90
PEN1
4,565.70
4,565.70
PGK1
4,534.33
4,534.33
PHP1
282.56
282.56
PKR1
115.16
115.16
PLN1
4,107.61
4,107.61
PYG1
2.55
2.55
QAR1
4,177.67
4,177.67
RON1
3,773.49
3,773.49
RSD1
149.01
149.01
RUB1
232.85
232.85
RWF1
17.28
17.28
SAR1
4,054.77
4,054.77
SBD1
1,916.18
1,916.18
SCR1
1,116.88
1,116.88
SDG1
322.30
322.30
SEK1
1,707.13
1,707.13
SGD1
11,066.47
11,066.47
SHP1
20,059.76
20,059.76
SLL1
1.81
1.81
SOS1
26.27
26.27
SRD1
2,039.54
2,039.54
SSP1
116.77
116.77
STD1
0.72
0.72
STN1
716.81
716.81
SVC1
1,738.55
1,738.55
SYP1
29.53
29.53
SZL1
1,056.27
1,056.27
THB1
468.00
468.00
TJS1
1,613.89
1,613.89
TMT1
4,345.98
4,345.98
TND1
5,385.33
5,385.33
TOP1
6,596.53
6,596.53
TRY1
2,671.83
2,671.83
TTD1
2,256.63
2,256.63
TWD1
495.16
495.16
TZS1
6.64
6.64
UAH1
544.65
544.65
UGX1
4.02
4.02
USD1
15,210.90
15,210.90
UYU1
461.08
461.08
UZS1
1.85
1.85
VEF1
0.06
0.06
VND1
0.65
0.65
VUV1
136.84
136.84
WST1
5,816.37
5,816.37
XAF1
26.84
26.84
XAG1
222,976.18
222,976.18
XAU1
18,633,729.83
18,633,729.83
XCD1
5,628.35
5,628.35
XDR1
21,279.99
21,279.99
XOF1
26.84
26.84
XPD1
16,482,705.56
16,482,705.56
XPF1
147.56
147.56
XPT1
12,817,490.07
12,817,490.07
YER1
60.75
60.75
ZAR1
1,072.69
1,072.69
ZMW1
1,258.28
1,258.28
ZWL1
47.18
47.18
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services