From: AFPBy Martin Abbugao
Singapore. Software piracy cost technology companies more than $50 billion around the world last year, with Asia accounting for the largest share of losses, an industry report said on Tuesday.
Despite successes in the fight to protect intellectual property rights, on average 43 percent of software used in computers worldwide in 2009 was pirated, from 41 percent the year before, the Business Software Alliance said.
Worldwide, piracy losses reached $51.4 billion in 2009, of which $16.5 billion was in the Asia-Pacific region, the annual report found.
The deluge of counterfeits was largely due to the growth of the personal computer market in Brazil, India and China, said the BSA, a global trade alliance with a regional office in Singapore.
However, last yearâ€™s losses worldwide were 3 percent down from 2008 while the rate of pirated software use fell in 54 economies, remained steady in 38 and rose in 19.
On average 59 percent of the 900 million pieces of software installed in the Asia-Pacific region last year were unlicensed, said Victor Lim, a vice president at IDC, which carried out the study with the software alliance.
Bangladesh had the highest software piracy rate in Asia, followed by Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Vietnam, with China and India among the worst culprits.
â€śThis study makes clear that while efforts to bring down piracy levels in the Asia-Pacific are enjoying some success, dollar losses at over $16.5 billion remain the highest in the world,â€ť said Jeffrey Hardee, BSAâ€™s vice president and regional director.
â€śThis is unacceptable and there is still much to be done to engage governments, businesses and consumers on the risks and impact of software piracy.â€ť
The BSA said that for every $100 of legitimate software sales in 2009, another $75 worth of unlicensed programs were sold.
Ex-Soviet state Georgia was the worldâ€™s top pirate user, with 95 percent of all software illegal.
That was followed by Zimbabwe (92 percent), Bangladesh (91 percent), Moldova (91 percent), Armenia and Yemen.
The United States had the lowest piracy rate with 20 percent, followed by Japan (21 percent), Luxembourg (21 percent), New Zealand (22 percent) and Australia (25 percent).
Singapore was the only Southeast Asian economy in the reportâ€™s list of the 30 economies with the lowest piracy rates.
Hardee said the problem affected not just global technology giants, but small- and medium-sized firm, including some in Asia, as it hindered them from growing at home and abroad.
A 10 percentage point reduction in the software piracy rate in the Asia-Pacific over four years would â€śdirectly contributeâ€ť $41 billion dollars to the regionâ€™s economies, he said.
It would also create 435,000 jobs, generate another $5.4 billion in taxes and increase revenues to local vendors by $33 billion.
â€śThere is a compelling case here for governments to bring down piracy levels,â€ť Hardee said, adding that companies rather than individuals using bootleg computer programs were inflicting the heaviest damage.
â€śSurprisingly, quite a few listed companies are caught using pirated software. They just have unsophisticated or no software management policies in place,â€ť he said. â€śItâ€™s quite shocking.â€ť
In addition to legal action, companies also risk compromising their databasesâ€™ security by using pirated software, he said.