Tue, 02 Nov 2010
Jakarta. A policy group has urged Indonesia to renew its efforts to reform the bureaucracy, invest heavily in infrastructure and cut greenhouse gas emissions while the going is good.

“The current environment offers Indonesia a unique opportunity to pursue its reform agenda. But there is no room for complacency,” said Angel Gurria, secretary general of the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

The country weathered the global financial crisis well and posted the third-highest real GDP growth in the G-20 group of the world’s largest economies, the OECD said in a report released on Monday.

But Indonesia needs to reform its labor market, which is more restricted compared to those of India, China, Brazil and other OECD countries.

“To address this, we recommend a two-pronged strategy of introducing some form of unemployment benefits while reforming the labor code, particularly by reducing onerous severance payments,” Gurria said.

The report said GDP growth was “projected to accelerate to around 6 percent this year and next,” but warned that “inflation pressures could re-emerge,” so authorities should raise interest rates before the end of the year.

“Greater ambition on inflation is called for to reduce its deleterious effects,” it said.

The OECD also said the government must move toward social policy reform to ensure inclusive economic growth.

“Changes to the policy and institutional framework will be necessary if Indonesia is to achieve its economic growth objective of 7 to 7.7 percent in 2014,” and reach its poverty target of 8 to 10 percent, it said. The poverty rate was 13.3 percent in March this year.

The group also urged President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s government to “rapidly implement bureaucratic reforms to improve both efficiency and governance.”

Echoing recent comments by the International Monetary Fund, the OECD said Indonesia would only fulfill its potential if it tackled “a number of weaknesses still holding back progress.”

The OECD recommended that the state make more room in the national budget by cutting energy subsidies, which account for more than a tenth of total state spending. The total energy subsidy for 2011 is set at Rp 136.6 trillion ($15.3 billion), compared to Rp 143.9 trillion this year.

It also said Indonesia needed to attract massive investment in infrastructure, and that returns on such investments were “likely to be huge.”

Gurria said attracting sufficient private investment would require the state to establish independent sectoral regulators, increase the powers of existing regulators and have better inter-agency coordination to facilitate the smooth conduct of business.

He said the country should also “remove legal obstacles to land acquisition” and further relax barriers to foreign direct investment, such as bureaucratic red tape.

Foreign direct investment jumped by 32 percent during the first nine months of the year, to Rp 111 trillion, including in real estate, mining, telecommunications and agribusiness. The target of Rp 130 trillion for the whole of 2010 should be exceeded, the government said on Sunday.

Indonesia also needs to take strong measures against deforestation and to protect its forests, the third-largest in the world after Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the report said.



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
18 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,883.40
3,883.40
AFN1
196.20
196.20
ALL1
132.32
132.32
AMD1
29.74
29.74
ANG1
7,734.51
7,734.51
AOA1
56.25
56.25
ARS1
518.39
518.39
AUD1
10,523.80
10,523.80
AWG1
7,972.29
7,972.29
AZN1
8,378.53
8,378.53
BAM1
8,549.53
8,549.53
BBD1
7,132.22
7,132.22
BDT1
168.87
168.87
BGN1
8,498.33
8,498.33
BHD1
37,675.75
37,675.75
BIF1
8.05
8.05
BMD1
14,264.45
14,264.45
BND1
10,471.57
10,471.57
BOB1
2,065.19
2,065.19
BRL1
3,717.11
3,717.11
BSD1
14,264.45
14,264.45
BTC1
106,227,845
106,227,845
BTN1
208.51
208.51
BWP1
1,394.29
1,394.29
BYN1
7,207.04
7,207.04
BZD1
7,099.72
7,099.72
CAD1
10,803.31
10,803.31
CDF1
8.84
8.84
CHF1
14,257.55
14,257.55
CLF1
599,346.91
599,346.91
CLP1
21.81
21.81
CNH1
2,119.70
2,119.70
CNY1
2,126.61
2,126.61
COP1
4.93
4.93
CRC1
25.17
25.17
CUC1
14,264.45
14,264.45
CUP1
559.39
559.39
CVE1
150.35
150.35
CZK1
642.72
642.72
DJF1
80.13
80.13
DKK1
2,230.05
2,230.05
DOP1
287.05
287.05
DZD1
121.09
121.09
EGP1
796.89
796.89
ERN1
950.32
950.32
ETB1
516.40
516.40
EUR1
16,622.72
16,622.72
FJD1
6,768.43
6,768.43
FKP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GBP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GEL1
5,824.26
5,824.26
GGP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GHS1
2,978.76
2,978.76
GIP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GMD1
298.10
298.10
GNF1
1.58
1.58
GTQ1
1,904.61
1,904.61
GYD1
68.20
68.20
HKD1
1,817.39
1,817.39
HNL1
593.83
593.83
HRK1
2,249.63
2,249.63
HTG1
211.46
211.46
HUF1
51.38
51.38
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,926.12
3,926.12
IMP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
INR1
208.64
208.64
IQD1
11.97
11.97
IRR1
0.32
0.32
ISK1
133.64
133.64
JEP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
JMD1
108.99
108.99
JOD1
20,104.85
20,104.85
JPY1
126.20
126.20
KES1
142.08
142.08
KGS1
209.12
209.12
KHR1
3.51
3.51
KMF1
33.78
33.78
KPW1
15.84
15.84
KRW1
12.66
12.66
KWD1
47,117.22
47,117.22
KYD1
17,125.63
17,125.63
KZT1
41.52
41.52
LAK1
1.69
1.69
LBP1
9.43
9.43
LKR1
89.21
89.21
LRD1
88.24
88.24
LSL1
1,075.05
1,075.05
LYD1
10,387.75
10,387.75
MAD1
1,505.03
1,505.03
MDL1
855.64
855.64
MGA1
4.24
4.24
MKD1
270.04
270.04
MMK1
9.96
9.96
MNT1
5.84
5.84
MOP1
1,765.22
1,765.22
MRO1
40.12
40.12
MRU1
397.78
397.78
MUR1
414.72
414.72
MVR1
925.65
925.65
MWK1
19.63
19.63
MXN1
755.02
755.02
MYR1
3,526.60
3,526.60
MZN1
241.60
241.60
NAD1
1,075.05
1,075.05
NGN1
39.51
39.51
NIO1
449.42
449.42
NOK1
1,748.99
1,748.99
NPR1
130.31
130.31
NZD1
9,658.53
9,658.53
OMR1
37,052.07
37,052.07
PAB1
14,264.45
14,264.45
PEN1
4,363.95
4,363.95
PGK1
4,336.64
4,336.64
PHP1
266.90
266.90
PKR1
111.99
111.99
PLN1
3,869.35
3,869.35
PYG1
2.49
2.49
QAR1
3,917.73
3,917.73
RON1
3,574.16
3,574.16
RSD1
140.92
140.92
RUB1
227.67
227.67
RWF1
16.42
16.42
SAR1
3,803.55
3,803.55
SBD1
1,811.69
1,811.69
SCR1
1,053.50
1,053.50
SDG1
792.73
792.73
SEK1
1,612.99
1,612.99
SGD1
10,444.57
10,444.57
SHP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
SLL1
2.26
2.26
SOS1
24.62
24.62
SRD1
1,912.63
1,912.63
SSP1
109.50
109.50
STD1
0.67
0.67
STN1
678.45
678.45
SVC1
1,631.02
1,631.02
SYP1
27.69
27.69
SZL1
1,074.76
1,074.76
THB1
427.97
427.97
TJS1
1,514.89
1,514.89
TMT1
4,061.64
4,061.64
TND1
5,398.08
5,398.08
TOP1
6,169.91
6,169.91
TRY1
2,969.43
2,969.43
TTD1
2,117.24
2,117.24
TWD1
467.68
467.68
TZS1
6.25
6.25
UAH1
543.82
543.82
UGX1
3.83
3.83
USD1
14,264.45
14,264.45
UYU1
455.77
455.77
UZS1
1.82
1.82
VEF1
0.17
0.17
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
130.54
130.54
WST1
5,509.14
5,509.14
XAF1
25.34
25.34
XAG1
222,189.94
222,189.94
XAU1
17,505,837.44
17,505,837.44
XCD1
5,278.14
5,278.14
XDR1
20,068.39
20,068.39
XOF1
25.34
25.34
XPD1
13,087,137.67
13,087,137.67
XPF1
139.29
139.29
XPT1
11,661,113.08
11,661,113.08
YER1
56.97
56.97
ZAR1
1,073.79
1,073.79
ZMW1
1,423.45
1,423.45
ZWL1
44.25
44.25
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services