Fri, 19 Sep 2008
From: The Jakarta Post
By Multa Fidrus, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta, Tanggerang, Banten
Indonesia, the world's largest palm oil producer, has sent Agriculture Minister Anton Apriyantono to lobby the European Union (EU), over concerns the group were planning a policy that would limit imports of the commodity.

After arriving in Jakarta on Tuesday from a week-long visit to the continent, Anton said Indonesian and Malaysian representatives met EU parliamentarians, assuring them the palm oil produced by the two countries met emission standards set by the EU.

Anton visited several European countries -- the United Kingdom, Netherlands, and Belgium -- with his campaign. During a meeting on Sept. 11 with the EU, he filed Indonesia's opposition to a planned EU directive on renewable energy and fuel quality (DREFQ) which would enter a voting phase during the general assembly next month.

Anton, who is a tout supporter of the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), argued that this directive would hamper palm oil exports from Indonesia and Malaysia to EU member states.

The directive, however, regulates palm oil supply for alternative energy use, while imports for cooking oil and soap are not subject to the same laws.

Palm oil exported to the EU for biofuel is required to have a minimum emissions benchmark rate of 35 percent (the higher the rate the lesser the impact of the commodity on the environment).

According to the EU, however, the average recorded emissions rate of 32 percent for palm oil was below the minimum requirement.

Malaysia has denied the emissions rate measurement made by the EU, arguing that it was in fact around 60 percent.

Indonesia and Malaysia account for 85 percent of the world's palm oil output.

Anton said the planned EU directive was merely aimed at reducing the group's dependency on palm oil, which it could not produce itself.

"We are being attacked with environmental issues, while the real reason is trade competition, specifically with rapeseed. I asked the audience in a seminar why it should be us who makes the sacrifice and not those producing rapeseed or soybean."

"The EU was influenced by negative campaigns from non-governmental organizations (NGOs). We feel it's not about environmental issues, it's about trade," Anton said.

According to the ministry, Indonesia's palm oil exports reached 16.9 million tons last year with a total value of US$7.9 billion. Exports to Europe accounted for one fifth of this figure.

The EU has also accused palm oil producers of damaging the environment by planting crops in or near natural forests, and even in the middle of protected animal habitats.

SawitWatch researcher Norman Jiwon said oil palm plantations had caused huge amounts of damage to the environment.

"Aside from peatland damage, the planting and production of palm oil is damaging our environment," he said.

However, Anton argued that of the 133 million hectares of forests cleared, oil palm plantations accounted for 6.3 million hectares, highlighting the relative size of the damage.

"It's only a small proportion. And the peatland cleared for the plantations was only 5 percent of the 6.3 million hectares," he said.

"We should choose between human interests or those of the monkeys," said Anton, adding that the palm oil sector currently employed more than 5 million people.

Founder of the Center for Orangutan Protection, Hardi Baktiantoro, said the numbers Anton cited were only statistics.

"On paper, these plantations are said to be developed on grasslands or in agricultural areas when in reality they have flattened forests containing high biodiversity."

"It's mafia at every layer. From the map making, through to other production and legal processes," Hardi said. (iwp)



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
17 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,883.15
3,883.15
AFN1
196.60
196.60
ALL1
132.34
132.34
AMD1
29.70
29.70
ANG1
7,734.49
7,734.49
AOA1
56.03
56.03
ARS1
521.71
521.71
AUD1
10,574.51
10,574.51
AWG1
7,968.43
7,968.43
AZN1
8,377.99
8,377.99
BAM1
8,742.76
8,742.76
BBD1
7,131.76
7,131.76
BDT1
168.87
168.87
BGN1
8,537.35
8,537.35
BHD1
37,667.55
37,667.55
BIF1
8.09
8.09
BMD1
14,263.53
14,263.53
BND1
10,470.90
10,470.90
BOB1
2,069.60
2,069.60
BRL1
3,695.88
3,695.88
BSD1
14,263.53
14,263.53
BTC1
95,692,134
95,692,134
BTN1
207.90
207.90
BWP1
1,396.81
1,396.81
BYN1
7,231.56
7,231.56
BZD1
7,098.55
7,098.55
CAD1
10,857.11
10,857.11
CDF1
8.84
8.84
CHF1
14,307.83
14,307.83
CLF1
601,836.98
601,836.98
CLP1
21.94
21.94
CNH1
2,128.76
2,128.76
CNY1
2,131.81
2,131.81
COP1
4.98
4.98
CRC1
25.16
25.16
CUC1
14,263.53
14,263.53
CUP1
559.35
559.35
CVE1
150.85
150.85
CZK1
645.41
645.41
DJF1
80.10
80.10
DKK1
2,240.81
2,240.81
DOP1
287.29
287.29
DZD1
121.40
121.40
EGP1
797.04
797.04
ERN1
948.38
948.38
ETB1
516.48
516.48
EUR1
16,701.56
16,701.56
FJD1
6,826.28
6,826.28
FKP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
GBP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
GEL1
5,826.37
5,826.37
GGP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
GHS1
2,981.74
2,981.74
GIP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
GMD1
298.27
298.27
GNF1
1.58
1.58
GTQ1
1,904.28
1,904.28
GYD1
67.98
67.98
HKD1
1,817.31
1,817.31
HNL1
593.07
593.07
HRK1
2,259.42
2,259.42
HTG1
211.46
211.46
HUF1
51.69
51.69
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,934.61
3,934.61
IMP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
INR1
208.26
208.26
IQD1
11.97
11.97
IRR1
0.32
0.32
ISK1
133.62
133.62
JEP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
JMD1
109.06
109.06
JOD1
20,103.56
20,103.56
JPY1
126.91
126.91
KES1
142.06
142.06
KGS1
208.91
208.91
KHR1
3.52
3.52
KMF1
33.93
33.93
KPW1
15.84
15.84
KRW1
12.63
12.63
KWD1
47,073.60
47,073.60
KYD1
17,124.79
17,124.79
KZT1
41.65
41.65
LAK1
1.68
1.68
LBP1
9.43
9.43
LKR1
89.25
89.25
LRD1
88.95
88.95
LSL1
1,080.16
1,080.16
LYD1
10,380.94
10,380.94
MAD1
1,508.29
1,508.29
MDL1
854.73
854.73
MGA1
4.20
4.20
MKD1
271.19
271.19
MMK1
10.01
10.01
MNT1
5.84
5.84
MOP1
1,764.89
1,764.89
MRO1
40.12
40.12
MRU1
398.31
398.31
MUR1
415.87
415.87
MVR1
925.60
925.60
MWK1
19.63
19.63
MXN1
757.18
757.18
MYR1
3,537.67
3,537.67
MZN1
242.16
242.16
NAD1
1,077.30
1,077.30
NGN1
39.51
39.51
NIO1
450.66
450.66
NOK1
1,760.03
1,760.03
NPR1
129.93
129.93
NZD1
9,677.58
9,677.58
OMR1
37,052.86
37,052.86
PAB1
14,263.53
14,263.53
PEN1
4,363.80
4,363.80
PGK1
4,334.81
4,334.81
PHP1
266.73
266.73
PKR1
117.38
117.38
PLN1
3,880.93
3,880.93
PYG1
2.49
2.49
QAR1
3,917.47
3,917.47
RON1
3,584.70
3,584.70
RSD1
141.53
141.53
RUB1
228.85
228.85
RWF1
16.31
16.31
SAR1
3,803.20
3,803.20
SBD1
1,813.00
1,813.00
SCR1
1,053.43
1,053.43
SDG1
792.43
792.43
SEK1
1,617.24
1,617.24
SGD1
10,474.27
10,474.27
SHP1
18,879.89
18,879.89
SLL1
2.26
2.26
SOS1
24.66
24.66
SRD1
1,912.51
1,912.51
SSP1
109.49
109.49
STD1
0.67
0.67
STN1
675.35
675.35
SVC1
1,630.55
1,630.55
SYP1
27.69
27.69
SZL1
1,078.52
1,078.52
THB1
428.71
428.71
TJS1
1,514.59
1,514.59
TMT1
4,063.73
4,063.73
TND1
5,426.90
5,426.90
TOP1
6,181.14
6,181.14
TRY1
2,938.90
2,938.90
TTD1
2,116.94
2,116.94
TWD1
467.77
467.77
TZS1
6.25
6.25
UAH1
544.25
544.25
UGX1
3.87
3.87
USD1
14,263.53
14,263.53
UYU1
454.74
454.74
UZS1
1.82
1.82
VEF1
0.17
0.17
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
131.40
131.40
WST1
5,518.02
5,518.02
XAF1
25.46
25.46
XAG1
225,347.35
225,347.35
XAU1
17,698,232.57
17,698,232.57
XCD1
5,277.80
5,277.80
XDR1
20,078.65
20,078.65
XOF1
25.46
25.46
XPD1
13,126,759.23
13,126,759.23
XPF1
139.95
139.95
XPT1
11,781,620.42
11,781,620.42
YER1
56.97
56.97
ZAR1
1,078.91
1,078.91
ZMW1
1,434.61
1,434.61
ZWL1
44.24
44.24
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services