Thu, 27 Dec 2007
Classic Indonesian problems, such as regulatory uncertainty, excessive bureaucracy and lack of incentives, have also hampered the development of new and renewable energy.

Of almost Rp 200 trillion in investment commitments to the biofuel sector as of September, only a few of these have been realized, with many investors still waiting for the incentives promised by the government to materialize.

"We are aware that the President has issued a special regulation on the provision of incentives to biofuel producers. However, with the lack of technical guidelines, the regulation cannot be fully implemented, leaving officials on the ground confused as to what they should do," Indonesian Biofuel Producers Association representative Paulus Tjakrawan told The Jakarta Post recently.

The same also applies in the coal-liquefaction and CBM sectors.

It is feared that with the government having not yet decided what kind of incentives it will offer the companies involved in the construction of the first coal liquefaction plant, the project will miss its deadline.

As for CBM, even though the government has offered a more favorable production split of 45 percent to investors, not many companies are interested in the projects due to the many uncertainties over land ownership. By way of comparison, at present a natural gas producer receives 30 percent of the net production, while the remaining 70 percent goes to the state.

CBM is a natural gas formed by the activity of microbes during the coal-forming process, and trapped amid coal beds. The development of a CBM project could therefore cause a conflict with coal concession owners, given the lack of clear regulations for determining whether it forms part of a coal concession or a gas concession.

None of the provisions of the recently-enacted Energy Law, which promotes the development of renewable energy resources, provides a solution to such potential conflicts.

Besides this regulatory problem, minister Purnomo also acknowledged recently at the opening of the 2007 World Renewable Energy Regional Congress and Exhibition in Jakarta in November, that the government's fuel subsidies have hampered the development of the country's renewable and alternative energy sector.

He said, for example, that the subsidies on fossil-based fuels were hampering biofuel development, as the price of biofuel products was not competitive compared to the price of subsidized fuels.

A cut in fuel subsidies is pivotal if the government wants to see the alternative energy sector develop.

It would, therefore, be very wise for the government to start switching some at least of its fuel subsidy spending, which has swollen to almost Rp 90 trillion this year due to rising oil prices from the original target of Rp 50 trillion, to help the development of new and more sustainable energy resources.

"We must learn from how the U.S. government is seriously attempting to find alternative energy resources. Not only are they providing huge financial backup, but also clear targets and supportive regulations," Alhilal Hamdi, head of the government's biofuel development committee, told the Post in a recent interview

Alhilal, who is also the chairman of the Green Energy Society, added that it was only concrete action and support from the government that would lead the quest for alternative energy to a satisfactory conclusion.

-- Ika Krismantari



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
18 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,883.40
3,883.40
AFN1
196.20
196.20
ALL1
132.32
132.32
AMD1
29.74
29.74
ANG1
7,734.51
7,734.51
AOA1
56.25
56.25
ARS1
518.39
518.39
AUD1
10,523.80
10,523.80
AWG1
7,972.29
7,972.29
AZN1
8,378.53
8,378.53
BAM1
8,549.53
8,549.53
BBD1
7,132.22
7,132.22
BDT1
168.87
168.87
BGN1
8,498.33
8,498.33
BHD1
37,675.75
37,675.75
BIF1
8.05
8.05
BMD1
14,264.45
14,264.45
BND1
10,471.57
10,471.57
BOB1
2,065.19
2,065.19
BRL1
3,717.11
3,717.11
BSD1
14,264.45
14,264.45
BTC1
104,765,318
104,765,318
BTN1
208.51
208.51
BWP1
1,394.29
1,394.29
BYN1
7,207.04
7,207.04
BZD1
7,099.72
7,099.72
CAD1
10,803.31
10,803.31
CDF1
8.84
8.84
CHF1
14,257.55
14,257.55
CLF1
599,346.91
599,346.91
CLP1
21.81
21.81
CNH1
2,119.70
2,119.70
CNY1
2,126.61
2,126.61
COP1
4.93
4.93
CRC1
25.17
25.17
CUC1
14,264.45
14,264.45
CUP1
559.39
559.39
CVE1
150.35
150.35
CZK1
642.72
642.72
DJF1
80.13
80.13
DKK1
2,230.05
2,230.05
DOP1
287.05
287.05
DZD1
121.09
121.09
EGP1
796.89
796.89
ERN1
950.32
950.32
ETB1
516.40
516.40
EUR1
16,622.72
16,622.72
FJD1
6,768.43
6,768.43
FKP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GBP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GEL1
5,824.26
5,824.26
GGP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GHS1
2,978.76
2,978.76
GIP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
GMD1
298.10
298.10
GNF1
1.58
1.58
GTQ1
1,904.61
1,904.61
GYD1
68.20
68.20
HKD1
1,817.39
1,817.39
HNL1
593.83
593.83
HRK1
2,249.63
2,249.63
HTG1
211.46
211.46
HUF1
51.38
51.38
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,926.12
3,926.12
IMP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
INR1
208.64
208.64
IQD1
11.97
11.97
IRR1
0.32
0.32
ISK1
133.64
133.64
JEP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
JMD1
108.99
108.99
JOD1
20,104.85
20,104.85
JPY1
126.20
126.20
KES1
142.08
142.08
KGS1
209.12
209.12
KHR1
3.51
3.51
KMF1
33.78
33.78
KPW1
15.84
15.84
KRW1
12.66
12.66
KWD1
47,117.22
47,117.22
KYD1
17,125.63
17,125.63
KZT1
41.52
41.52
LAK1
1.69
1.69
LBP1
9.43
9.43
LKR1
89.21
89.21
LRD1
88.24
88.24
LSL1
1,075.05
1,075.05
LYD1
10,387.75
10,387.75
MAD1
1,505.03
1,505.03
MDL1
855.64
855.64
MGA1
4.24
4.24
MKD1
270.04
270.04
MMK1
9.96
9.96
MNT1
5.84
5.84
MOP1
1,765.22
1,765.22
MRO1
40.12
40.12
MRU1
397.78
397.78
MUR1
414.72
414.72
MVR1
925.65
925.65
MWK1
19.63
19.63
MXN1
755.02
755.02
MYR1
3,526.60
3,526.60
MZN1
241.60
241.60
NAD1
1,075.05
1,075.05
NGN1
39.51
39.51
NIO1
449.42
449.42
NOK1
1,748.99
1,748.99
NPR1
130.31
130.31
NZD1
9,658.53
9,658.53
OMR1
37,052.07
37,052.07
PAB1
14,264.45
14,264.45
PEN1
4,363.95
4,363.95
PGK1
4,336.64
4,336.64
PHP1
266.90
266.90
PKR1
111.99
111.99
PLN1
3,869.35
3,869.35
PYG1
2.49
2.49
QAR1
3,917.73
3,917.73
RON1
3,574.16
3,574.16
RSD1
140.92
140.92
RUB1
227.67
227.67
RWF1
16.42
16.42
SAR1
3,803.55
3,803.55
SBD1
1,811.69
1,811.69
SCR1
1,053.50
1,053.50
SDG1
792.73
792.73
SEK1
1,612.99
1,612.99
SGD1
10,444.57
10,444.57
SHP1
18,693.19
18,693.19
SLL1
2.26
2.26
SOS1
24.62
24.62
SRD1
1,912.63
1,912.63
SSP1
109.50
109.50
STD1
0.67
0.67
STN1
678.45
678.45
SVC1
1,631.02
1,631.02
SYP1
27.69
27.69
SZL1
1,074.76
1,074.76
THB1
427.97
427.97
TJS1
1,514.89
1,514.89
TMT1
4,061.64
4,061.64
TND1
5,398.08
5,398.08
TOP1
6,169.91
6,169.91
TRY1
2,969.43
2,969.43
TTD1
2,117.24
2,117.24
TWD1
467.68
467.68
TZS1
6.25
6.25
UAH1
543.82
543.82
UGX1
3.83
3.83
USD1
14,264.45
14,264.45
UYU1
455.77
455.77
UZS1
1.82
1.82
VEF1
0.17
0.17
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
130.54
130.54
WST1
5,509.14
5,509.14
XAF1
25.34
25.34
XAG1
222,189.94
222,189.94
XAU1
17,505,837.44
17,505,837.44
XCD1
5,278.14
5,278.14
XDR1
20,068.39
20,068.39
XOF1
25.34
25.34
XPD1
13,087,137.67
13,087,137.67
XPF1
139.29
139.29
XPT1
11,661,113.08
11,661,113.08
YER1
56.97
56.97
ZAR1
1,073.79
1,073.79
ZMW1
1,423.45
1,423.45
ZWL1
44.25
44.25
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services