Tue, 27 Jan 2009
Indonesia is to review protectionist regulation that forces foreign pharmaceutical companies to establish manufacturing facilities if they want to distribute and sell drugs in the country.

Some foreign diplomats believe proposals to judge companies on a case-by-case basis could violate World Trade Organisation rules. It is unclear how the proposed new rules would be implemented.

The climbdown comes amid mounting opposition to a raft of measures adopted by Indonesia last year to mitigate the effects of the global economic crisis.

Several foreign ambassadors openly criticised one decree in particular relating to imports in the electronics, footwear, toys, clothes and food sectors at a meeting last week with Mari Pangestu, trade minister, and senior officials.

Lucky Slamet, the head of Indonesia's food and drug supervision agency, told the Financial Times after the meeting that the authorities would be flexible in relation to pharma companies.

"This will be on a case-by-case basis," she said. "Everything will be balanced. I believe [the decree] won't [be enforced] 100 per cent, only to the extent that we want to increase the capacity of domestic industry."

Some 80 per cent of Indonesia's drug needs are met by local companies. But more than 30 international pharmaceutical groups, half of them European, distribute drugs in the world's fourth most populous country.

Hans-Josef Schill, chief executive of Bayer Indonesia and chairman of the European chamber of commerce in Indonesia, welcomed the review, saying it would be "completely unrealistic" to expect pharma companies to manufacture in every country where they operate.

Martin Hatfull, the British ambassador to Indonesia, told last week's meeting: "Pharmaceutical companies are very concerned about the potential vulnerability of decisions they would like to make on a commercial basis that may be impaired by the [pharmaceutical] regulation." He also cited WTO compatibility issues in the decree imposing restrictions on imports in five sectors.

Pharma industry executives have expressed concern about rising nationalist demands relating to manufacturing and investment in different countries.

Canadian, Japanese, South Korean, US and European Commission diplomats are among those who have suggested that the Indonesian measures could be seen as non-trade tariff barriers.

Mrs Pangestu said Indonesia was not violating WTO regulations and that the measures were "not meant to restrict imports or increase barriers to trade".



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
21 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,897.52
3,897.52
AFN1
199.64
199.64
ALL1
133.47
133.47
AMD1
29.81
29.81
ANG1
7,753.99
7,753.99
AOA1
55.94
55.94
ARS1
519.14
519.14
AUD1
10,612.33
10,612.33
AWG1
8,002.03
8,002.03
AZN1
8,408.62
8,408.62
BAM1
8,534.40
8,534.40
BBD1
7,157.84
7,157.84
BDT1
169.53
169.53
BGN1
8,579.86
8,579.86
BHD1
37,877.18
37,877.18
BIF1
8.01
8.01
BMD1
14,315.68
14,315.68
BND1
9,474.38
9,474.38
BOB1
2,073.25
2,073.25
BRL1
3,800.03
3,800.03
BSD1
14,315.68
14,315.68
BTC1
104,647,632
104,647,632
BTN1
207.90
207.90
BWP1
1,387.91
1,387.91
BYN1
7,170.55
7,170.55
BZD1
7,117.75
7,117.75
CAD1
10,885.64
10,885.64
CDF1
8.85
8.85
CHF1
14,420.01
14,420.01
CLF1
595,246.63
595,246.63
CLP1
21.66
21.66
CNH1
2,111.28
2,111.28
CNY1
2,114.38
2,114.38
COP1
5.00
5.00
CRC1
25.22
25.22
CUC1
14,315.68
14,315.68
CUP1
561.39
561.39
CVE1
151.56
151.56
CZK1
648.68
648.68
DJF1
80.41
80.41
DKK1
2,251.94
2,251.94
DOP1
288.21
288.21
DZD1
121.57
121.57
EGP1
800.42
800.42
ERN1
945.59
945.59
ETB1
517.55
517.55
EUR1
16,794.45
16,794.45
FJD1
6,787.88
6,787.88
FKP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
GBP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
GEL1
5,851.63
5,851.63
GGP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
GHS1
2,985.54
2,985.54
GIP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
GMD1
297.93
297.93
GNF1
1.57
1.57
GTQ1
1,909.41
1,909.41
GYD1
68.38
68.38
HKD1
1,823.68
1,823.68
HNL1
595.74
595.74
HRK1
2,267.24
2,267.24
HTG1
213.21
213.21
HUF1
51.55
51.55
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,945.46
3,945.46
IMP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
INR1
208.24
208.24
IQD1
12.01
12.01
IRR1
0.32
0.32
ISK1
134.69
134.69
JEP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
JMD1
109.54
109.54
JOD1
20,159.83
20,159.83
JPY1
128.48
128.48
KES1
142.16
142.16
KGS1
209.76
209.76
KHR1
3.52
3.52
KMF1
34.07
34.07
KPW1
15.90
15.90
KRW1
12.70
12.70
KWD1
47,277.68
47,277.68
KYD1
17,167.72
17,167.72
KZT1
41.33
41.33
LAK1
1.69
1.69
LBP1
9.47
9.47
LKR1
89.50
89.50
LRD1
93.41
93.41
LSL1
1,060.61
1,060.61
LYD1
10,373.68
10,373.68
MAD1
1,515.94
1,515.94
MDL1
857.71
857.71
MGA1
4.30
4.30
MKD1
272.16
272.16
MMK1
10.00
10.00
MNT1
5.86
5.86
MOP1
1,772.05
1,772.05
MRO1
40.21
40.21
MRU1
399.32
399.32
MUR1
416.27
416.27
MVR1
929.58
929.58
MWK1
19.70
19.70
MXN1
752.52
752.52
MYR1
3,523.87
3,523.87
MZN1
242.04
242.04
NAD1
1,068.73
1,068.73
NGN1
39.71
39.71
NIO1
451.74
451.74
NOK1
1,750.69
1,750.69
NPR1
129.94
129.94
NZD1
9,741.54
9,741.54
OMR1
37,191.12
37,191.12
PAB1
14,315.68
14,315.68
PEN1
4,374.37
4,374.37
PGK1
4,344.33
4,344.33
PHP1
268.74
268.74
PKR1
111.40
111.40
PLN1
3,885.13
3,885.13
PYG1
2.49
2.49
QAR1
3,931.69
3,931.69
RON1
3,605.76
3,605.76
RSD1
142.26
142.26
RUB1
225.54
225.54
RWF1
16.62
16.62
SAR1
3,816.80
3,816.80
SBD1
1,815.32
1,815.32
SCR1
1,057.28
1,057.28
SDG1
794.21
794.21
SEK1
1,617.18
1,617.18
SGD1
10,505.75
10,505.75
SHP1
18,800.77
18,800.77
SLL1
2.19
2.19
SOS1
24.68
24.68
SRD1
1,919.50
1,919.50
SSP1
109.89
109.89
STD1
0.68
0.68
STN1
675.26
675.26
SVC1
1,634.87
1,634.87
SYP1
27.79
27.79
SZL1
1,067.93
1,067.93
THB1
429.61
429.61
TJS1
1,521.56
1,521.56
TMT1
4,078.56
4,078.56
TND1
5,430.80
5,430.80
TOP1
6,154.79
6,154.79
TRY1
2,988.10
2,988.10
TTD1
2,125.58
2,125.58
TWD1
468.07
468.07
TZS1
6.28
6.28
UAH1
544.19
544.19
UGX1
3.82
3.82
USD1
14,315.68
14,315.68
UYU1
458.34
458.34
UZS1
1.83
1.83
VEF1
0.13
0.13
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
131.22
131.22
WST1
5,521.10
5,521.10
XAF1
25.60
25.60
XAG1
222,091.17
222,091.17
XAU1
17,634,710.43
17,634,710.43
XCD1
5,297.10
5,297.10
XDR1
20,045.25
20,045.25
XOF1
25.60
25.60
XPD1
13,128,955.31
13,128,955.31
XPF1
140.73
140.73
XPT1
11,860,548.12
11,860,548.12
YER1
57.19
57.19
ZAR1
1,066.32
1,066.32
ZMW1
1,454.40
1,454.40
ZWL1
44.40
44.40
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services