Tue, 28 Aug 2007
From: The Jakarta Post
By Andi Haswidi, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta
Aiming to increase labor competitiveness in the country's free trade zones, the government is formulating a mechanism for the establishment of local tripartite labor committees within each FTZ.

It is expected that the committees, which will consist of representatives of the local government, employers and labor unions, will serve as local forums that can successfully address labor-relations problems.

"We haven't come up with an exact formula for the tripartite committees as yet. However, the aim is clear, to make the labor relations situation as competitive as possible," said Bambang Susantono, a deputy at the Coordinating Ministry for the Economy, on Monday.

Last week, the government issued three regulations to establish FTZs on Batam, Bintan and Karimun islands in Riau Islands province (not special economic zones/SEZs as previously reported), for a period of 70 years), with the zones actually coming into effect by not later than early January.

The difference between an FTZ and SEZ lies in the tax treatment applied to businesses.

Under this FTZ concept, tariffs on imports, value added tax, luxury goods tax and excise duty on the three islands will be eliminated. Under the scheme, the government hopes to double investment, exports and the number of jobs by 2009 compared to the figures for 2006.

As a member of the central tripartite committee, Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo) chairman Sofyan Wanandi confirmed that the structure of the new tripartite committees was being discussed.

He also said that the local tripartite committee setup would eventually be extended to other regions outside the FTZs.

"The suggestion came from Vice President Jusuf Kalla. He wanted cooperation between the government, employers and workers at the local level so that problems can be contained and resolved locally before spreading and damaging the overall investment climate," Sofyan said.

Specifically regarding the FTZs, the purpose of establishing the tripartite committees was not to undermine workers' salaries as feared by labor activists, but rather to ensure improved knowledge and skills, he said.

"Many investors say that labor costs in Batam are already on a par with other places, such as China and Vietnam, but productivity is much lower."

Bambang confirmed that one of the aims of the FTZ tripartite committees was to resolve the productivity issues hampering labor competitiveness in Batam, Bintan and Karimun.

"Even prior to the signing of the regulations, the central government has been cooperating with the Singaporean government for the training of government officials and workers to prepare them for the introduction of the FTZs," he said.

On Aug. 29, officials from both countries participating in the Indonesia-Singapore Joint Steering Committee will meet in Bali to discuss progress and outstanding issues concerning the three FTZs.

According to analysts, the problems hampering FTZ implementation include overlapping licensing and regulatory powers as between the FTZ authorities and municipal authorities, inadequate infrastructure in Bintan and Karimun, bureaucratic delays, lack of security, piracy, harassment by officials, land rights issues and, most of all, labor issues.

Between January and June of this year, six foreign investors closed up shop on Batam and Bintan, putting more than 8,000 people out of work.



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
23 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,897.16
3,897.16
AFN1
196.36
196.36
ALL1
133.46
133.46
AMD1
29.81
29.81
ANG1
7,753.25
7,753.25
AOA1
55.94
55.94
ARS1
520.20
520.20
AUD1
10,637.91
10,637.91
AWG1
8,001.26
8,001.26
AZN1
8,407.81
8,407.81
BAM1
8,585.37
8,585.37
BBD1
7,157.15
7,157.15
BDT1
170.56
170.56
BGN1
8,585.32
8,585.32
BHD1
37,903.83
37,903.83
BIF1
8.01
8.01
BMD1
14,314.30
14,314.30
BND1
9,473.47
9,473.47
BOB1
2,085.79
2,085.79
BRL1
3,794.58
3,794.58
BSD1
14,314.30
14,314.30
BTC1
110,168,454
110,168,454
BTN1
209.15
209.15
BWP1
1,391.53
1,391.53
BYN1
7,213.66
7,213.66
BZD1
7,117.06
7,117.06
CAD1
10,910.17
10,910.17
CDF1
8.85
8.85
CHF1
14,443.85
14,443.85
CLF1
595,189.56
595,189.56
CLP1
21.66
21.66
CNH1
2,115.01
2,115.01
CNY1
2,117.84
2,117.84
COP1
5.00
5.00
CRC1
25.22
25.22
CUC1
14,314.30
14,314.30
CUP1
561.34
561.34
CVE1
151.55
151.55
CZK1
649.81
649.81
DJF1
80.40
80.40
DKK1
2,255.05
2,255.05
DOP1
288.71
288.71
DZD1
121.63
121.63
EGP1
801.06
801.06
ERN1
945.62
945.62
ETB1
517.50
517.50
EUR1
16,806.19
16,806.19
FJD1
6,777.77
6,777.77
FKP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GBP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GEL1
5,851.61
5,851.61
GGP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GHS1
2,985.25
2,985.25
GIP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GMD1
297.90
297.90
GNF1
1.57
1.57
GTQ1
1,909.23
1,909.23
GYD1
68.89
68.89
HKD1
1,823.60
1,823.60
HNL1
595.68
595.68
HRK1
2,269.44
2,269.44
HTG1
213.19
213.19
HUF1
51.65
51.65
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,939.05
3,939.05
IMP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
INR1
208.23
208.23
IQD1
12.07
12.07
IRR1
0.32
0.32
ISK1
134.87
134.87
JEP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
JMD1
109.72
109.72
JOD1
20,175.09
20,175.09
JPY1
128.88
128.88
KES1
143.20
143.20
KGS1
209.74
209.74
KHR1
3.52
3.52
KMF1
34.06
34.06
KPW1
15.90
15.90
KRW1
12.68
12.68
KWD1
47,312.67
47,312.67
KYD1
17,166.07
17,166.07
KZT1
41.58
41.58
LAK1
1.71
1.71
LBP1
9.47
9.47
LKR1
90.10
90.10
LRD1
93.40
93.40
LSL1
1,066.59
1,066.59
LYD1
10,446.91
10,446.91
MAD1
1,517.54
1,517.54
MDL1
863.31
863.31
MGA1
4.26
4.26
MKD1
272.33
272.33
MMK1
9.94
9.94
MNT1
5.86
5.86
MOP1
1,771.88
1,771.88
MRO1
40.20
40.20
MRU1
399.28
399.28
MUR1
417.81
417.81
MVR1
929.50
929.50
MWK1
19.70
19.70
MXN1
752.39
752.39
MYR1
3,524.39
3,524.39
MZN1
242.01
242.01
NAD1
1,066.59
1,066.59
NGN1
39.86
39.86
NIO1
451.69
451.69
NOK1
1,753.84
1,753.84
NPR1
130.72
130.72
NZD1
9,761.49
9,761.49
OMR1
37,187.55
37,187.55
PAB1
14,314.30
14,314.30
PEN1
4,370.78
4,370.78
PGK1
4,363.70
4,363.70
PHP1
270.08
270.08
PKR1
111.55
111.55
PLN1
3,890.20
3,890.20
PYG1
2.51
2.51
QAR1
3,931.31
3,931.31
RON1
3,600.38
3,600.38
RSD1
142.19
142.19
RUB1
225.79
225.79
RWF1
16.47
16.47
SAR1
3,816.79
3,816.79
SBD1
1,815.15
1,815.15
SCR1
1,057.85
1,057.85
SDG1
797.76
797.76
SEK1
1,617.84
1,617.84
SGD1
10,516.88
10,516.88
SHP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
SLL1
2.19
2.19
SOS1
24.91
24.91
SRD1
1,919.32
1,919.32
SSP1
109.88
109.88
STD1
0.68
0.68
STN1
675.20
675.20
SVC1
1,634.71
1,634.71
SYP1
27.80
27.80
SZL1
1,066.59
1,066.59
THB1
429.73
429.73
TJS1
1,530.83
1,530.83
TMT1
4,078.17
4,078.17
TND1
5,430.28
5,430.28
TOP1
6,154.20
6,154.20
TRY1
2,994.43
2,994.43
TTD1
2,125.37
2,125.37
TWD1
468.04
468.04
TZS1
6.27
6.27
UAH1
545.10
545.10
UGX1
3.85
3.85
USD1
14,314.30
14,314.30
UYU1
458.29
458.29
UZS1
1.83
1.83
VEF1
0.13
0.13
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
131.21
131.21
WST1
5,520.57
5,520.57
XAF1
25.62
25.62
XAG1
222,393.88
222,393.88
XAU1
17,648,020.07
17,648,020.07
XCD1
5,296.59
5,296.59
XDR1
20,043.33
20,043.33
XOF1
25.62
25.62
XPD1
14,172,583.25
14,172,583.25
XPF1
140.83
140.83
XPT1
11,916,575.02
11,916,575.02
YER1
57.18
57.18
ZAR1
1,068.28
1,068.28
ZMW1
1,463.14
1,463.14
ZWL1
44.40
44.40
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services