Fri, 12 Mar 2010
From: The Jakarta Globe
By Reva Sasistiya
As Indonesia prepares to host an international conference on geothermal energy next month, experts are questioning whether the government will be able to meet its ambitious target to boost the amount of electricity generated from geothermal sources.

Around 2,500 technical experts, officials and investors from 80 countries will attend the World Geothermal Congress, to be held in Bali from April 25-30.

Bambang Setiawan, the Energy Ministry’s director general of coal, mineral and geothermal energy, said on Thursday that the conference was an excellent opportunity to attract global investors to the country’s geothermal sector. “We hope to attract up to $12 billion of investment at the congress,” he said.

That is the estimated amount needed to build enough plants to generate an additional 3,997 megawatts of electricity from geothermal sources, as planned during the second phase of the government’s “fast-track” electricity generating program, which has a targeted completion date of 2014.

However, energy experts have expressed doubts that the government would be able to attract that level of investment, or build the plants by that target date.

Crucial to the achieving the goals is the price that state electricity company PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara will pay the companies for the electricity generated from the plants. The government has set a recommended price of 9.7 cents per kilowatt hour.

Herman Darnell, a member of the National Energy Council, said this price is too low for power companies to make sufficient returns, particularly in “greenfield” areas where there is now no geothermal development taking place.

“It will depend on the location, but for greenfield developments, the government may need to subsidize exploration costs if the power price is to be pegged at 9.7 cents,” he said.

Bambang said PLN and the Indonesian Geothermal Association were still in the process of negotiating a price per kilowatt hour. “We hope they will conclude [talks] soon,” he said.

Bambang Praptono, a member of the electricity committee of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin), said the government would struggle to meet its 2014 deadline for the development of geothermal power plants.

A former director of planning and technology at PLN, he said it typically took four to seven years to get a geothermal plant up and running.

Because of the higher costs of building a geothermal plant, as opposed to a fossil-fuel plant, companies would need financial guarantees from the government before they could raise the necessary funds, he said.


Fri, 12 Mar 2010
From: JakChat
Comment by Vulgarian
:soundoftheothershoedropping:



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
16 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,885.59
3,885.59
AFN1
197.13
197.13
ALL1
132.07
132.07
AMD1
29.71
29.71
ANG1
7,737.95
7,737.95
AOA1
56.07
56.07
ARS1
523.34
523.34
AUD1
10,587.37
10,587.37
AWG1
7,977.57
7,977.57
AZN1
8,382.91
8,382.91
BAM1
8,597.43
8,597.43
BBD1
7,135.95
7,135.95
BDT1
170.35
170.35
BGN1
8,527.92
8,527.92
BHD1
37,673.06
37,673.06
BIF1
8.05
8.05
BMD1
14,271.91
14,271.91
BND1
10,557.71
10,557.71
BOB1
2,066.07
2,066.07
BRL1
3,706.12
3,706.12
BSD1
14,271.91
14,271.91
BTC1
90,685,884
90,685,884
BTN1
208.52
208.52
BWP1
1,387.71
1,387.71
BYN1
7,250.59
7,250.59
BZD1
7,102.86
7,102.86
CAD1
10,847.07
10,847.07
CDF1
8.84
8.84
CHF1
14,239.87
14,239.87
CLF1
602,953.63
602,953.63
CLP1
21.92
21.92
CNH1
2,128.19
2,128.19
CNY1
2,131.53
2,131.53
COP1
4.98
4.98
CRC1
25.16
25.16
CUC1
14,271.91
14,271.91
CUP1
559.68
559.68
CVE1
150.86
150.86
CZK1
643.68
643.68
DJF1
80.17
80.17
DKK1
2,235.98
2,235.98
DOP1
287.64
287.64
DZD1
121.22
121.22
EGP1
797.33
797.33
ERN1
944.25
944.25
ETB1
517.07
517.07
EUR1
16,670.30
16,670.30
FJD1
6,801.03
6,801.03
FKP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
GBP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
GEL1
5,827.53
5,827.53
GGP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
GHS1
2,982.26
2,982.26
GIP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
GMD1
298.17
298.17
GNF1
1.57
1.57
GTQ1
1,904.82
1,904.82
GYD1
68.48
68.48
HKD1
1,818.41
1,818.41
HNL1
595.33
595.33
HRK1
2,254.66
2,254.66
HTG1
213.82
213.82
HUF1
51.54
51.54
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,916.28
3,916.28
IMP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
INR1
208.35
208.35
IQD1
11.97
11.97
IRR1
0.33
0.33
ISK1
133.13
133.13
JEP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
JMD1
109.37
109.37
JOD1
20,115.36
20,115.36
JPY1
126.97
126.97
KES1
141.71
141.71
KGS1
208.91
208.91
KHR1
3.52
3.52
KMF1
33.81
33.81
KPW1
15.85
15.85
KRW1
12.62
12.62
KWD1
47,087.25
47,087.25
KYD1
17,131.87
17,131.87
KZT1
41.66
41.66
LAK1
1.69
1.69
LBP1
9.42
9.42
LKR1
89.51
89.51
LRD1
89.33
89.33
LSL1
1,073.00
1,073.00
LYD1
10,413.92
10,413.92
MAD1
1,507.64
1,507.64
MDL1
854.90
854.90
MGA1
4.23
4.23
MKD1
270.41
270.41
MMK1
10.03
10.03
MNT1
5.85
5.85
MOP1
1,766.12
1,766.12
MRO1
40.14
40.14
MRU1
398.43
398.43
MUR1
416.08
416.08
MVR1
926.74
926.74
MWK1
19.71
19.71
MXN1
754.95
754.95
MYR1
3,522.62
3,522.62
MZN1
242.14
242.14
NAD1
1,072.99
1,072.99
NGN1
39.58
39.58
NIO1
450.45
450.45
NOK1
1,757.53
1,757.53
NPR1
130.34
130.34
NZD1
9,651.87
9,651.87
OMR1
37,079.05
37,079.05
PAB1
14,271.91
14,271.91
PEN1
4,365.12
4,365.12
PGK1
4,339.96
4,339.96
PHP1
266.44
266.44
PKR1
117.32
117.32
PLN1
3,865.05
3,865.05
PYG1
2.50
2.50
QAR1
3,919.96
3,919.96
RON1
3,579.00
3,579.00
RSD1
141.27
141.27
RUB1
228.27
228.27
RWF1
16.42
16.42
SAR1
3,805.48
3,805.48
SBD1
1,813.35
1,813.35
SCR1
1,054.02
1,054.02
SDG1
790.76
790.76
SEK1
1,604.61
1,604.61
SGD1
10,449.03
10,449.03
SHP1
18,877.66
18,877.66
SLL1
2.26
2.26
SOS1
24.69
24.69
SRD1
1,913.63
1,913.63
SSP1
109.56
109.56
STD1
0.67
0.67
STN1
675.75
675.75
SVC1
1,631.64
1,631.64
SYP1
27.69
27.69
SZL1
1,072.33
1,072.33
THB1
428.46
428.46
TJS1
1,554.20
1,554.20
TMT1
4,077.70
4,077.70
TND1
5,401.38
5,401.38
TOP1
6,184.77
6,184.77
TRY1
2,938.85
2,938.85
TTD1
2,118.24
2,118.24
TWD1
466.69
466.69
TZS1
6.27
6.27
UAH1
544.28
544.28
UGX1
3.84
3.84
USD1
14,271.91
14,271.91
UYU1
454.92
454.92
UZS1
1.82
1.82
VEF1
0.17
0.17
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
130.69
130.69
WST1
5,521.26
5,521.26
XAF1
25.41
25.41
XAG1
225,719.93
225,719.93
XAU1
17,714,779.99
17,714,779.99
XCD1
5,280.90
5,280.90
XDR1
20,009.07
20,009.07
XOF1
25.41
25.41
XPD1
13,436,561.47
13,436,561.47
XPF1
139.69
139.69
XPT1
11,830,950.74
11,830,950.74
YER1
56.99
56.99
ZAR1
1,075.85
1,075.85
ZMW1
1,441.30
1,441.30
ZWL1
44.27
44.27
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services