Tue, 22 Sep 2009
Indonesian authorities are failing to prevent illegal logging and conversion of protected areas for oil palm cultivation used to supply the European market with supposedly "green" biofuels, alleges a new report from Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands) and WALHI KalBar (Friends of the Earth Indonesia, West Kalimantan).

The report, "Failing governance - Avoiding responsibilities" [PDF], claims that European biofuel policies have driven reckless oil palm expansion in Ketapang District, West Kalimantan, resulting in illegal issuance of development permits and land conflicts, thereby undermining governance structures.

"While policy makers in Europe have established an obligation to use biofuels, the Ketapang study demonstrates that they are unable to take on the ultimate responsibility to ensure its sustainable supply," states the report. "In merely three years time, the government of Ketapang issued oil palm permits covering no less than 40% of the district’s total land territory. The issuance of oil palm permits in Ketapang – now totaling around 90, with a total area of 1.4 million hectares - has obviously gone through a fast track manner, de facto waiving legal requirements designed to protect the environment and local communities and to ensure state income from forest conversion."

The report notes that permits granted to plantation developers overlap with some 400,000 hectares of protected forest areas. Meanwhile at least 20 major land conflicts had already been reported in Ketapang by the end of 2008 and thousands of villagers have protested about unpaid wages from a palm oil comapny.

The report notes that the issues aren't limited to Ketapang - the Indonesian Ministry of Environment categorized 78% of all environmental impact assessments (EIA) in Indonesia as being of poor quality.

"The Indonesian Ministry of Environment has been forced to relax EIA regulations because it was overwhelmed by violations of the country’s environmental laws," states the report. "The Ministry of Forestry is confronted with large scale oil palm expansion within the forestland area. It faces an uphill struggle to reclaim its authority over this land."

Friends of the Earth says that Europe's Renewable Energy Directive, a policy designed to increase use of biofuels and other forms of renewable energy in the E.U., is not helping the situation. According to the report, the policy "does not require biofuel companies to guarantee and demonstrate the legality of their imports," meaning that "palm oil from illegal sources ends up being subsidized and promoted by EU member state governments."

"Failing governance - Avoiding responsibilities" goes on to note that though several of the companies operating in Ketapang are members of the RSPO, a body that has developed an eco-certification standard for palm oil, none of the plantations in the district have been certified.

"All considering, plantation development in Ketapang represents little else but a massive land grab leading to biodiversity losses and carbon emissions from the illegal conversion of protected forests and peatlands," the report states. "Indigenous people are forced to give up their sustainable livelihoods and are being made dependent on the capricious global commodity and biofuels market. The local government in conjunction with plantation companies is directly undermining efforts towards good governance in Indonesia."

The report concludes by urging E.U. countries to not expand their use of palm oil. It says that such action would send the message that bioenergy is not a real solution to climate change. The report also demands that the district government in Ketapang review the licenses it has granted "to prevent further expansion at the costs of forest and people, and work with the affected communities to restore what was lost."



News Search/Filter
Transaction Rates
23 Jul 18
Buy
Sell
AED1
3,897.16
3,897.16
AFN1
196.36
196.36
ALL1
133.46
133.46
AMD1
29.81
29.81
ANG1
7,753.25
7,753.25
AOA1
55.94
55.94
ARS1
520.20
520.20
AUD1
10,637.91
10,637.91
AWG1
8,001.26
8,001.26
AZN1
8,407.81
8,407.81
BAM1
8,585.37
8,585.37
BBD1
7,157.15
7,157.15
BDT1
170.56
170.56
BGN1
8,585.32
8,585.32
BHD1
37,903.83
37,903.83
BIF1
8.01
8.01
BMD1
14,314.30
14,314.30
BND1
9,473.47
9,473.47
BOB1
2,085.79
2,085.79
BRL1
3,794.58
3,794.58
BSD1
14,314.30
14,314.30
BTC1
110,254,360
110,254,360
BTN1
209.15
209.15
BWP1
1,391.53
1,391.53
BYN1
7,213.66
7,213.66
BZD1
7,117.06
7,117.06
CAD1
10,910.17
10,910.17
CDF1
8.85
8.85
CHF1
14,443.85
14,443.85
CLF1
595,189.56
595,189.56
CLP1
21.66
21.66
CNH1
2,115.01
2,115.01
CNY1
2,117.84
2,117.84
COP1
5.00
5.00
CRC1
25.22
25.22
CUC1
14,314.30
14,314.30
CUP1
561.34
561.34
CVE1
151.55
151.55
CZK1
649.81
649.81
DJF1
80.40
80.40
DKK1
2,255.05
2,255.05
DOP1
288.71
288.71
DZD1
121.63
121.63
EGP1
801.06
801.06
ERN1
945.62
945.62
ETB1
517.50
517.50
EUR1
16,806.19
16,806.19
FJD1
6,777.77
6,777.77
FKP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GBP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GEL1
5,851.61
5,851.61
GGP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GHS1
2,985.25
2,985.25
GIP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
GMD1
297.90
297.90
GNF1
1.57
1.57
GTQ1
1,909.23
1,909.23
GYD1
68.89
68.89
HKD1
1,823.60
1,823.60
HNL1
595.68
595.68
HRK1
2,269.44
2,269.44
HTG1
213.19
213.19
HUF1
51.65
51.65
IDR1
1.00
1.00
ILS1
3,939.05
3,939.05
IMP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
INR1
208.23
208.23
IQD1
12.07
12.07
IRR1
0.32
0.32
ISK1
134.87
134.87
JEP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
JMD1
109.72
109.72
JOD1
20,175.09
20,175.09
JPY1
128.88
128.88
KES1
143.20
143.20
KGS1
209.74
209.74
KHR1
3.52
3.52
KMF1
34.06
34.06
KPW1
15.90
15.90
KRW1
12.68
12.68
KWD1
47,312.67
47,312.67
KYD1
17,166.07
17,166.07
KZT1
41.58
41.58
LAK1
1.71
1.71
LBP1
9.47
9.47
LKR1
90.10
90.10
LRD1
93.40
93.40
LSL1
1,066.59
1,066.59
LYD1
10,446.91
10,446.91
MAD1
1,517.54
1,517.54
MDL1
863.31
863.31
MGA1
4.26
4.26
MKD1
272.33
272.33
MMK1
9.94
9.94
MNT1
5.86
5.86
MOP1
1,771.88
1,771.88
MRO1
40.20
40.20
MRU1
399.28
399.28
MUR1
417.81
417.81
MVR1
929.50
929.50
MWK1
19.70
19.70
MXN1
752.39
752.39
MYR1
3,524.39
3,524.39
MZN1
242.01
242.01
NAD1
1,066.59
1,066.59
NGN1
39.86
39.86
NIO1
451.69
451.69
NOK1
1,753.84
1,753.84
NPR1
130.72
130.72
NZD1
9,761.49
9,761.49
OMR1
37,187.55
37,187.55
PAB1
14,314.30
14,314.30
PEN1
4,370.78
4,370.78
PGK1
4,363.70
4,363.70
PHP1
270.08
270.08
PKR1
111.55
111.55
PLN1
3,890.20
3,890.20
PYG1
2.51
2.51
QAR1
3,931.31
3,931.31
RON1
3,600.38
3,600.38
RSD1
142.19
142.19
RUB1
225.79
225.79
RWF1
16.47
16.47
SAR1
3,816.79
3,816.79
SBD1
1,815.15
1,815.15
SCR1
1,057.85
1,057.85
SDG1
797.76
797.76
SEK1
1,617.84
1,617.84
SGD1
10,516.88
10,516.88
SHP1
18,817.70
18,817.70
SLL1
2.19
2.19
SOS1
24.91
24.91
SRD1
1,919.32
1,919.32
SSP1
109.88
109.88
STD1
0.68
0.68
STN1
675.20
675.20
SVC1
1,634.71
1,634.71
SYP1
27.80
27.80
SZL1
1,066.59
1,066.59
THB1
429.73
429.73
TJS1
1,530.83
1,530.83
TMT1
4,078.17
4,078.17
TND1
5,430.28
5,430.28
TOP1
6,154.20
6,154.20
TRY1
2,994.43
2,994.43
TTD1
2,125.37
2,125.37
TWD1
468.04
468.04
TZS1
6.27
6.27
UAH1
545.10
545.10
UGX1
3.85
3.85
USD1
14,314.30
14,314.30
UYU1
458.29
458.29
UZS1
1.83
1.83
VEF1
0.13
0.13
VND1
0.62
0.62
VUV1
131.21
131.21
WST1
5,520.57
5,520.57
XAF1
25.62
25.62
XAG1
222,393.88
222,393.88
XAU1
17,648,020.07
17,648,020.07
XCD1
5,296.59
5,296.59
XDR1
20,043.33
20,043.33
XOF1
25.62
25.62
XPD1
14,172,583.25
14,172,583.25
XPF1
140.83
140.83
XPT1
11,916,575.02
11,916,575.02
YER1
57.18
57.18
ZAR1
1,068.28
1,068.28
ZMW1
1,463.14
1,463.14
ZWL1
44.40
44.40
Taxation Exchange Rates
31 Aug 16 - 06 Sep 16
USD 1
13,232.00
AUD 1
10,043.30
CAD 1
10,213.70
DKK 1
1,999.40
HKD 1
1,706.22
MYR 1
3,283.28
NZD 1
9,623.63
NOK 1
1,605.23
GBP 1
17,433.70
SGD 1
9,757.68
SEK 1
1,569.45
CHF 1
13,631.10
JPY 100
13,101.00
MMK 1
11.01
INR 1
197.29
KWD 1
43,920.70
PKR 1
126.23
PHP 1
285.00
SAR 1
3,528.53
LKR 1
91.12
THB 1
382.08
BND 1
9,756.53
EUR 1
14,885.50
CNY 1
1,987.61

Okusi Associates: Indonesian Business & Management Services