TEMPO Interactive, Jakarta: Entrepreneurs are being asked to play an active role in eradicating corruption. According to Transparency International, the funds found in corruption cases come from the private sector.
“We tend to ignore the private sector while it also apply practices of corruption,” said head of executive board of Transparency International Indonesia, Todung Mulya Lubis, during the launching of the global corruption report at Menara Kadin in Jakarta, yesterday (7/10).
Todung said that the research by Transparency in 2008 in several countries showed that 60 percent of business executives admitted that they had to do bribery when dealing with public institutions.
The countries include Egypt, India, Indonesia, Morocco, Nigeria, and Pakistan.
It is suspected that politicians and officials in developing countries receive bribes amounting to US$40 billion in total every year.
“Imagine how much contributions to infrastructure could be developed with that amount of money,” he said.
Transparency's secretary general, Teten Masduki, said that the report also showed dirty negotiations between the private sector and government that weaken government's legitimacy.
“Strong business entrepreneurs can control government's policy and governance,” he said.
Teten went on to say that this hampered democratic decisions. “This is a threat for government accountability and management.”
Iman Sugema, an economist from the Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF), mentioned other problems that should be re-organized including exporters from developed countries.
“Entrepreneurs from countries like Singapore and the USA play clean in their countries but possible to play dirty in developing countries. They can even play a lot dirtier than local entrepreneurs,” he said.
To overcome this problem, Transparency has suggested that entrepreneurs be open and regular in reporting their legal and negotiation activities, political finance, and their income from and expenses to government.
While the government is urged to enforce regulation and evaluate its performance with an innovative approach.
Transparency suggested countries strengthen international cooperation and build it globally.