The Agriculture Ministry wants to make Indonesia a leading prime coffee producer in the world by 2025, the ministry's plantation affairs director, Achmad Mangga Barani, said Wednesday (19/3/08), Antara reported.
He said Indonesia now ranked fourth in the world as a coffee producer and exporter although its coffee plantation area was the second largest in the world.
With a production of 792 kg of coffee per hectare annually, Indonesia is still well behind Colombia (1,220 kg/ha/year), Brazil (1,000 kg/ha/year) and Vietnam (1,540 kg/ha/year) in terms of productivity.
"Under the national coffee policy, a strategy is needed to make Indonesia a leading producer of prime coffee and coffee products in 2025," Barani said.
Data at the Directorate General of Plantations showed Indonesia was currently growing Robusta coffee on 1.30 million hectares of land and Arabica coffee on 177,100 hectares with a total production of 682,158 tons, with 413,500 tons exported with a value of $586,877 in 2006.
In 2007, national coffee production was recorded at 686,763 tons from 1.31 million hectares.
Indonesia no longer exports coffee as raw material but processed products of a quality expected by consumers, Barani said.
The government had decided to increase production of Robusta to 865,000 tons through improvement in productivity to 1,000 kg/ha/year until 2025. Export volumes would be increased to 505,000 tons.
The government would enlarge the plantation area for Arabica coffee to 236,000 hectares and increase production to 193,000 tons from 81,000 tons and planting productivity to 1,200 kg/ha/year, with exports of 135,000 tons.